A fast-moving and highly readable account of the violence that accompanied partition . . . In its finest moments, 'Midnight's Furies'is the story of what happens when a composite society comes apart. 'New York Times Book Review' An engaging and incisive contribution to the vast literature on Partition . . . Hajari writes with grace, precision, and an unerring eye for detail. 'Wall Street Journal' Afew bloody months in South Asia during the summer of 1947 explainthe world that troubles us today. Nobody expected the liberation of India and birth of Pakistan to be so bloody it was supposed to be an answer to the dreams of Muslims and Hindus who had been ruled by the British for centuries. Jawaharlal Nehru, Gandhi s protege and the political leader of India, believed Indians were an inherently nonviolent, peaceful people. Pakistan s founder, Mohammad Ali Jinnah, was a secular lawyer, not a firebrand. But in August 1946, exactly a year before Independence, Calcutta erupted in street-gang fighting. A cycle of riots targeting Hindus, then Muslims, then Sikhs spiraled out of control. As the summer of 1947 approached, all three groups were heavily armed and on edge, and the British rushed to leave. Hell let loose. Trains carried Muslims west and Hindus east to their slaughter. Some of the most brutal and widespread ethnic cleansing in modern history erupted on both sides of the new border, searing a divide between India and Pakistan that remains a root cause of many evils. From jihadi terrorism to nuclear proliferation, the searing tale told in' Midnight s Furies' explains all too many of the headlines we read today.'