Proceedings containing 231 manuscripts that were submitted and approved for the 13th biennial worldwide refractories congress recognized as the Unified International Technical Conference on Refractories(UNITECR), held September 10-13, 2013. Latest advancements in refractory science, technology, education, and industrial practice The Unified International Technical Conference on Refractories (UNITECR) has become the premier international meeting dedicated to the study and advancement of refractory science, technology, education, and industrial practice. Each biennial conference draws together leading experts and pioneers in the field. They gather to share their findings and explore new research paths to solve the latest challenges in the field. This volume features 231 manuscripts that were submitted and approved for the 13th biennial UNITECR held September 2013 in Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. Readers will discover groundbreaking findings as well as new and improved industrial materials and practices across a broad range of topics, including: Advanced testing, installation techniques, and equipment Cement and lime, monolithic, and iron and steel making refractories Refractories for glass, waste-to-energy processing and power, chemical processes, petrochemicals, and nonferrous metallurgy Energy savings through refractory design Safety, environmental issues, and recycling Developments in basic refractories and modeling and simulation Nonoxide refractory systems Raw material developments and global raw material issues Global education in refractories UNITECR 2013 serves as a compendium of state-of-the-science developments in a field that has limited publications. It is recommended for manufacturers, scientists, engineers, and industry professionals who need to understand the science, production, and application of refractory materials. Moreover, many readers will discover information that is critical to advancing their own research investigations.