What do Gandalf and Merlin have in common, besides robes and magical staffs? Where do hobbits get their recipes, riddles, and love of rambling? What other Rings of Power were circulating in medieval Europe? How did Thorin violate the rules of medieval kingship?You ll find the answers and more in this book, which explores the magic and creativity behind J.R.R. Tolkien s bestselling story from a historical perspective. Tolkien was a professor of medieval languages and literature at Oxford University, and he drew on his scholarship and the homely comforts common in his own day to build the world of 'The Hobbit.''The Hobbit and History' uncovers the parallels between the Middle Ages and the intricate culture of Middle-earth that Tolkien created in 'The Hobbit,' showing how historical cultures provided the models for Tolkien s characters, foods, riddles, and battle tactics. The book explores how European myths and legends inspired Tolkien s wizards, dragons, and the monsters he created. Seeing Middle-earth and its peoples against these historical backdrops shines new light on the richness of Tolkien s world, which is rooted in knowledge of European cultures as deep as the archive that Gandalf explores in Minas Tirith.Filled with fascinating facts and reproductions of Tolkien s original artwork of Smaug and other aspects of Middle-earth, 'The Hobbit and History' is the missing piece for every book and movie fan and anyone who thought their J.R.R. Tolkien collection was complete.'