Artboard 33Artboard 16Artboard 18Artboard 13Artboard 42Artboard 21Artboard 4Artboard 5Artboard 45Artboard 22Artboard 7Artboard 42Artboard 23Artboard 12Artboard 28Artboard 17?Artboard 28Artboard 43Artboard 49Artboard 47Artboard 15Artboard 32Artboard 6Artboard 22Artboard 5Artboard 25Artboard 1Artboard 42Artboard 11Artboard 41Artboard 11Artboard 23Artboard 10Artboard 4Artboard 9Artboard 6Artboard 8Artboard 7Artboard 3Artboard 12Artboard 25Artboard 34Artboard 43Artboard 44Artboard 16Artboard 24Artboard 13Artboard 5Artboard 24Artboard 31Artboard 1Artboard 12Artboard 27Artboard 30Artboard 36Artboard 44Artboard 9Artboard 17Artboard 6Artboard 27Artboard 30Artboard 29Artboard 26Artboard 2Artboard 20Artboard 35Artboard 15Artboard 14Artboard 50Artboard 26Artboard 14Artboard 40Artboard 21Artboard 10Artboard 37Artboard 46Artboard 33Artboard 8

Assessing Students in the Margins - Challenges, Strategies, and Techniques (Cód: 3410804)


Ooops! Este produto não está mais a venda.
Mas não se preocupe, temos uma versão atualizada para você.

Ooopss! Este produto está fora de linha, mas temos outras opções para você.
Veja nossas sugestões abaixo!

R$ 96,43

em até 3x de R$ 32,14 sem juros


Em até 1x sem juros de

Cartão Saraiva:


Em até 3x sem juros de

Assessing Students in the Margins - Challenges, Strategies, and Techniques


Compre junto:

Nome do produto


The importance of student assessment, particularly for summative purposes, has increased greatly over the pastthirty years. At the same time, emphasis on including all students in assessment programs has also increased.Assessment programs, whether they are large-scale, district-based, or teacher developed, have traditionally attempted toassess students using a single instrument administered to students under the same conditions. Educators and testdevelopers, however, are increasingly acknowledging that this practice does not result in valid information, inferences,and decisions for all students. This problem is particularly true for students in the margins, whose characteristics andneeds differ from what the public thinks of as the general population of students. Increasingly, educators, educationalleaders, and test developers are seeking strategies, techniques, policies, and guidelines for assessing students for whomstandard assessment instruments do not function well.Whether used for high-stakes decisions or classroom-based formative decisions, the most critical element of anyeducational assessment is validity. Developing and administering assessment instruments that provide valid measuresand allow for valid inferences and decisions for all groups of students presents a major challenge for today's assessmentprograms. Over the past few decades, several national policies have sparked research and development efforts that aimto increase test validity for students in the margins. This book explores recent developments and efforts in threeimportant areas. The first section focuses on strategies for improving test validity through the provision of testaccommodations. The second section focuses on alternate and modified assessments. Federal policies now allow testingprograms to develop and administer alternate assessments for students who have not been exposed to grade-level content, and thus are not expected to demonstrateproficiency on grade-level assessments. A separate policy allows testing programs to develop modified assessments that will provided more useful information aboutachievement for a small percentage of students who are exposed to grade-level content but for whom the standard form of the grade-level test does not provide a validmeasure of achievement. These policies are complex and can be confusing for educators who are not familiar with their details. The chapters in the second section unpackthese policies and explore the implications these policies have for test design. The third and final section of the book examines how principles of Universal Design can beapplied to improve test validity for all students.Collectively, this volume presents a comprehensive examination of the several issues that present challenges for assessing the achievement of all students. Whileour understanding of how to overcome these challenges continues to evolve, the lessons, strategies, and avenues for future research explored in this book empowereducators, test developers, and testing programs with a deeper understanding of how we can improve assessments for students in the margins.


Peso 0.00 Kg
Produto sob encomenda Não
Idioma 337
Acabamento e-book
Territorialidade Internacional
Formato Livro Digital Pdf
Gratuito Não
Proteção Drm Sim
Tamanho do Arquivo 5922
Início da Venda 20/01/2011
Código do Formato Pdf
Cód. Barras 9781617353161
Ano da Publicação 111